Petriage Clinical Insights

IMPORTANT: This article, which is provided for educational purposes only, is based on published veterinary data and decades of work with pets and pet parents. The information provided here is not designed to be comprehensive but to help you avoid the pitfalls of online misinformation and most importantly, to frame the conversation you should have with your veterinarian. Your veterinarian’s perspective may differ from what is expressed here. Always consult with your veterinarian.


Seizures can include any combination of altered consciousness, paddling/swimming motions, involuntary urination/defecation/salivation, muscle contractions, and behavioral changes. Causes may include toxins, brain abnormalities, or liver abnormalities, but most seizures are idiopathic, meaning the cause is unknown. A seizure is not typically life threatening, unless it lasts longer than 10 minutes. Regular seizures may be treated with medications to control seizure activity. 


Keep a log of your pet's seizures. Note the time, duration and severity. This information can help your vet decide if and when to begin medications. 


  • Try to keep your pet as calm as possible. Do not put your hand in your pet's mouth.
  • In small pets, very young pets, and diabetic pets receiving insulin, seizures can occur due to very low blood sugars (hypoglycemia). In these cases, you can try offering a small amount of sugar (Karo syrup, maple syrup, Gatorade, honey, fruit juice, vanilla ice cream). Do not pour directly into your pet's mouth due to the risk of inhalation.
    • Small dogs: 1 teaspoon
    • Medium dogs: 2-3 teaspoons 
    • Large dogs: 2 tablespoons