Seizures can include any combination of altered consciousness, paddling/swimming motions, involuntary urination/defecation/salivation, muscle contractions, and behavioral changes. Causes may include toxins, brain abnormalities, or liver abnormalities, but most seizures are idiopathic, meaning the cause is unknown. A seizure is not typically life threatening, unless it lasts longer than 10 minutes. Regular seizures may be treated with medications to control seizure activity.
Keep a log of your pet's seizures. Note the time, duration and severity. This information can help your vet decide if and when to begin medications.
- Try to keep your pet as calm as possible. Do not put your hand in your pet's mouth.
- In small pets, very young pets, and diabetic pets receiving insulin, seizures can occur due to very low blood sugars (hypoglycemia). In these cases, you can try offering a small amount of sugar (Karo syrup, maple syrup, Gatorade, honey, fruit juice, vanilla ice cream). Do not pour directly into your pet's mouth due to the risk of inhalation.
- Small dogs: 1 teaspoon
- Medium dogs: 2-3 teaspoons
- Large dogs: 2 tablespoons