Petriage Clinical Insights

IMPORTANT: This article, which is provided for educational purposes only, is based on published veterinary data and decades of work with pets and pet parents. The information provided here is not designed to be comprehensive but to help you avoid the pitfalls of online misinformation and most importantly, to frame the conversation you should have with your veterinarian. Your veterinarian’s perspective may differ from what is expressed here. Always consult with your veterinarian.


Constipation, associated with hardened feces and painful bowel movements, can develop for various reasons. It occurs in both cats and dogs, but is more common in older cats. It is important to observe your pet's bowel movements to distinguish constipation from other bowel issues like diarrhea, which can look similar in a pet straining to defecate.


  • Observe your pet's bowel movements. Note the amount of time between bowel movements, the consistency and size of bowel movements, and any discomfort or straining.


  • Provide plenty of water. Dehydration can lead to constipation. 
  • Contact your vet to determine the best treatment for your pet's constipation. They may recommend a diet supplement, Miralax, an enema or other medications.